Karnishina Natal'ya Gennad'evna, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, the department of Russian history, state and law, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. Investigation of experience of reforming of court system of Russia in XIX century allows to take into account national features and historical experience of development of state and law institutes for modern court reform of Russian Federation. Aim of investigation was the study of experience of court transformations for example history of standing of institute of world judges in the context of court reform and changes in justice in 1864 to use experience of prerevolutionary Russia.
Materials and methods. The investigation is based on published and unpublished archive sources, memories of contemporaries, print materials. Formal-logical, statistic, comparative-historical methods are used. The investigation of practice of work of world judges in the period of reforming Russia is conducted on the basis of history.
Results. The main aim – investigation of introduction and standing of institute of world justice in prerevolutionary Russia is decided in this article. The advantages of introduction of this institute in the context of court reform are showed.
Conclusions. The necessity of reforming of closed estate courts in the period of govern of Nicolas II leaded authors of Court Regulations of 1864 to creation of such institutes as world justice and jury trial. World judges administered justice openly and fairly. That’s why capital and provincial society supported Great reforms.
court reform, world justice, pre-Revolutionary legal proceedings, Russia in the period of Great reforms, zemstvo
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